A Fire Risk Assessment is a method involving the systematic assessment of a building or premises for the deciding factors such as the fire hazard, the probability of a fire and the consequences if one were to occur. The technical guidance for Fire Risk Assessments in the UK are summarised in a document PAS 79:2000 which is produced by the British Standards Institution. The revised and updated PAS 79:2000 gives recommendations and corresponding examples of documentation for undertaking and recording the significant findings of fire risk assessments in non-domestic premises and parts of non-domestic premises for which fire risk assessments are required by legislation. PAS 79-1:2020 gives recommendations on how to carry out fire risk assessments that will protect the occupants of non-domestic premises, e.g. employees, contractors, visitors and members of the public, while the new PAS 79-2:2020 gives recommendations for domestic premises. Under these guidelines, both qualitative and quantitative risk evaluation approaches can be used.
The latest specifications are a modification of the initial standard and are written in two sections that are available for download from the British Standards Institution (https://shop.bsigroup.com
The aim of the evaluation is to keep both people and buildings secure by identifying possible risk factors and restricting them. The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 dictates that every non-domestic premises always have an up-to-date fire risk assessment, including steps to minimise or eliminate the risk of fire, and recognise people at risk, which implies that the integrity of the building is impaired in any way, at least annually. It is not enough to merely carry out the FRA - you should act on its outcomes.
Buildings must have a periodic fire risk assessment, containing 5 main measures, by statute.
1. Identify people at risk.
2. Identify the fire hazards.
3. Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks.
4. Record your findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training.
5. Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly.
ALERON work with a range of outstanding Fire Risk assessors who are fully certified, qualified and experienced in this type of surveys and have been in the fire protection industry for many years. Good examples of fire risk evaluations offer a clearer view of the protection of their buildings to contractors, consumers and building owners. Our specialist teams are able to consider more effectively how to make buildings fire-safe by providing the additional knowledge given by the Fire Risk assessors on the practicalities, such as technical complexity, implementation costs and timelines.